Authors must be honest in presenting their results and conclusions of their research. Research misconduct is harmful for knowledge. It could mislead other researchers.
Fabrication, falsification or selective reporting of data with the intent to mislead or deceive is unethical, as is the theft of data or research results from others. The results of research should be recorded and maintained to allow for analysis and review. Following publication, the data should be retained for a reasonable period and made available upon request. Exceptions may be appropriate in certain circumstances in order to preserve privacy, to assure patent protection, or for similar reasons.
All those who have made a significant contribution should be given chance to be cited as authors. Other individuals who have contributed to the work should be acknowledged. Articles should include a full list of the current institutional affiliations of all authors, both academic and corporate.
Reproducing text from other papers without properly crediting the source (plagiarism) or producing many papers with almost the same content by the same authors (self-plagiarism) is not acceptable. Submitting the same results to more than one journal concurrently is unethical. Exceptions are the review articles. Authors may not present results obtained by others as if they were their own. Authors should acknowledge the work of others used in their research and cite publications that have influenced the direction and course of their study.
Papers submitted to International Journal of Instruction will be screened for plagiarism using Turnitin/iThenticate plagiarism detection tools. Papers leading to plagiarism will be immediately rejected by International Journal of Instruction.
Simultaneous submissions of the same manuscript to different journals will not be tolerated. The submitted article will be removed without consideration.
Corrections and retractions
All authors have an obligation to inform and corporate with journal editors to provide prompt retractions or correction of errors in published works.
- The journal will issue retractions if:
- There are clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error);
- The findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper crossreferencing, permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication);
- It constitutes plagiarism;
- It reports unethical research.
- The journal will issue errata if:
- A small portion of an otherwise reliable publication proves to be misleading (especially because of honest error);
- The author list is incorrect (i.e. a deserving author has been omitted or somebody who does not meet authorship criteria has been included).
Other forms of misconduct include failure to meet clear ethical and legal requirements such as misrepresentation of interests, breach of confidentiality, lack of informed consent and abuse of research subjects or materials. Misconduct also includes improper dealing with infringements, such as attempts to cover up misconduct and reprisals on whistleblowers.
The primary responsibility for handling research misconduct is in the hands of those who employ the researchers. If a possible misconduct is brought to our attention, we will seek advice from the referees and the Editorial Board. If there is the evidence, we will resolve the matter by appropriate corrections in the printed and online journal; by refusing to consider an author's future work, for a given period, and by contacting affected authors and editors of other journals.
Minor misdemeanours may not lead to formal investigations, but are just as damaging given their probable frequency, and should be corrected by teachers and mentors.
a. The International Journal of Instruction publishes articles made in the frame of a suitable research paradigm. All the necessary steps should be followed. Editorial team and reviewers are obliged to control these steps.
b. The editors and the publisher are aware of the consequences of research misconduct detection.
c. In case of an ethic violence or research misconduct, IJI withdraws the article from its website and asks the writers (or corresponding writer) to provide an explanation in 5 days. The editorial board of IJI evaluates the given answer and final decision about the article is given.
d. Editorial Board and Publisher of the International Journal of Instruction openly announce that any corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies will be published on the web site of the Journal.
The International Journal of Instruction has a strict policy on plagiarism and research misconduct. If an allegation is made about an article published in our journal by another researcher, we ask reviewers who are experts in the field, language, and if the article involves a statistical procedure, we ask two experts in educational research to review the article for the allegations. The IJI also asks authors to respond to the allegations. After a careful process, a final decision is made and the parties involved are notified. The journal follows the American Psychological Association's policies on research misconduct, including plagiarism, citation manipulation, and fabrication of data. Further information is available at https://www.apa.org/research/
Process for identification of and dealing with allegations of research misconduct
Publishers and editors shall take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, including plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication, among others. In no case shall a journal or its editors encourage such misconduct, or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place. In the event that a journal’s publisher or editors are made aware of any allegation of research misconduct relating to a published article in their journal, the publisher or editor shall follow COPE’s guidelines (or equivalent) in dealing with allegations.